Vinegar allergy is defined as an adverse reaction to acetic acid or vinegar. However, the actual cause of being allergic to this mild acid is not as simple. Vinegar is obtained from fermentation of various ingredients and the root cause of the allergy might be due to the base ingredient instead of the acid per say. Let us try to find out more about this allergy and learn how to avoid triggering off adverse reactions.
Reasons for Vinegar Allergy
The body resists certain substances present in the vinegar and tries to fight it off which makes the affected person suffer from pain as well as a number of discomforting symptoms. The immunoglobulin E is created as an antibody which tries to eliminate the proteins present in vinegar from the body.
Since vinegar is obtained from a number of sources, we have to find out whether they are the actual cause of allergic reactions. The primary ingredients that are usually fermented for getting vinegar are:
Fruits like tomatoes, apples, and raspberry
Rice and Wheat
Coconut, sugarcanes and other Palms
Beer and honey
Consuming vinegar may definitely be the cause of allergy but getting a whiff of vinegar or using cleaners and cosmetics containing vinegars can also result in the manifestation of the allergic symptoms.
Vinegar Allergy Symptoms
Nasal congestion and runny nose along with watering eyes
Itching all over the body
Skin hives and red welts on the skin
Swelling of lips, throat and mouth
Rise in body temperature
Feeling of tightness across the chest.
Diagnosis of Vinegar Allergy
Skin Tests- a small amount of the offending vinegar is injected under the skin and reactions observed.
Blood Tests- RAST test to detect the presence of immunoglobulin E.
Cross Reactivity- The patient is tested for allergic reactions to every source of vinegar as well as yeast and mold allergy which can thrive in a medium of vinegar.
Treating Vinegar Allergy Symptoms
Avoidance of vinegar in all forms, food products, cosmetics, and cleansers.
Anti histamine, drugs will reduce the nasal congestion and runny nose.
Treating with epinephrine injection will control the chest constriction and swelling around the mouth and throat along with flushing.
Skin lotions will help relieve the itching and rashes.
It is necessary to see an allergist immediately after you suspect that you have vinegar allergy. Read the product labels carefully in order to avoid acetic acid in all forms including the beneficial cider vinegar.